Allergies and Tips to Deal with Them

People are always allergic to something — whether pollen, peanuts, or pet dander. But not all allergies are the same. Here’s a rundown of the most common kinds of allergies.

Allergic Rhinitis: Swelling and inflammation of nasal passages, congestion, sneezing, and itchy, watery eyes caused by a variety of outdoor and indoor allergens.

Tips to stay safe :
● Stay indoors as much as possible when pollen counts are at their peak, usually during the mid-morning and early evening (this may vary according to plant pollen), and when the wind is blowing pollens around.
● Avoid using window fans that can draw pollens and molds into the house.
● Wear glasses or sunglasses when outdoors to minimize the amount of pollen getting into your eyes.
● Wear a pollen mask (such as a NIOSH-rated 95 filter mask) when mowing the lawn, raking leaves or gardening, and take appropriate medication beforehand.

Sinusitis: An infection of the sinuses sometimes related to or caused by allergic rhinitis or asthma. However, at least half of all chronic sinusitis isn’t caused by allergies.

Tips to stay safe :
● Antibiotics help eliminate a sinus infection by attacking the bacteria that cause it, but until the drugs take effect, they do not do much to alleviate symptoms.
● Topical nasal decongestants can be helpful if used for no more than three to four days.
These medications shrink swollen nasal passages, facilitating the flow of drainage from the sinuses.

Asthma: Inflammation of the lungs and airways and constriction of the bronchial tubes triggered by many of the same allergens as allergic rhinitis, and resulting in wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and coughing.

Tips to stay safe :
● Remove wall-to-wall carpets, curtains, and drapes particularly in the bedroom.
● Keep pets out of the bedroom, and preferably out of the house.
● Minimize household humidity.
● Use “mite-proof” cases on mattresses and pillows; wash bed linens frequently in hot water.
● Wear a mask when cleaning
● Keep the relative humidity in your home less than 50%

Food Allergies: Symptoms such as rash, vomiting and diarrhea, coughing, wheezing, facial swelling, hives, and others triggered by specific foods in some people. Food intolerances, such as lactose intolerance, are more common, but they are not considered allergies because they do not involve an allergic reaction.

Tips to stay safe :
● Checking ingredients before eating anything
● Always carrying an EpiPen

Bee Sting Allergy (Insect Venom Allergy): One of the most dangerous allergic reactions, especially for people who are severely allergic to bee stings. Causes swelling and inflammation around the site of the sting, and in severe cases, an anaphylactic reaction that involves the entire body. Symptoms include hives, swollen airways, wheezing, difficulty breathing and swallowing, increased pulse rate, and decreased blood pressure causing dizziness.

People with bee and insect venom allergies must carry an epinephrine (adrenaline) self-injection kit (brand names include EpiPen and Twinject) with them at all times in case they are stung.

Tips to stay safe :
● Avoid insects.
● Immediately inject epinephrine (adrenaline) if symptoms of anaphylaxis develop.
● Consider allergy shots (immunotherapy).

Medulance is a user-friendly way to request and track ambulances close to you. Medulance, India’s first, GPS based technology platform for fast and reliable first point medical attention.

Mental Health Issues Prevalent in India

India is currently home to a population of over one billion citizens, a concerning number of whom suffer from Mental Health issues. A study conducted by the World Health Organization in 2015 shows that one in five Indians may suffer from mental health issues in their lifetime, equivalent to 200 million people. Due to the stigma associated with mental illness, a lack of awareness, and limited access to professional help, only 10-12% of those suffering from mental health issues will seek help.

Sometimes, it will seem obvious when someone is going through a hard time, but there is no simple way of knowing if they have mental health issues. Sometimes you don’t need to know. It’s more important to respond sensitively to someone who seems troubled than to find out whether or not they have a diagnosis.

Although certain symptoms are common with specific mental issues, no two people behave in the same way when they are unwell. If you know the person well, you may notice changes in their behaviour or mood.

Signs of Depression

People who are depressed may:
● Have low confidence
● Lose interest in activities they normally enjoy
● Lose their appetite
● Get tired easily
● Be tearful, nervous or irritable.
● At worst they may feel suicidal.

Signs of Anxiety

People experiencing anxiety may:
● Have difficulty concentrating
● Be irritable
● Try to avoid certain situations
● Appear pale and tense
● Be easily startled by everyday sounds.

Panic Attacks

Panic attacks are usually a sign of anxiety. Someone having a panic attack experiences a sudden and intense sensation of fear. They may breathe rapidly, sweat, feel very hot or cold, feel sick or feel faint.

 

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD is a common form of anxiety involving distressing repetitive thoughts. Compulsions are the actions which people feel they must repeat to feel less anxious or stop their obsessive thoughts.

Here are some tips on how to help someone struggling with mental health issues:
● Listen without making judgments and concentrate on their needs at that moment.
● Ask them what would help them.
● Reassure and signpost to practical information or resources.
● Avoid confrontation.
● Ask if there is someone they would like you to contact.
● Encourage them to seek appropriate professional help.
● If they have hurt themselves, make sure they get the first aid they need.

Medulance is a user-friendly way to request and track ambulances close to you. Medulance, India’s first, GPS based technology platform for fast and reliable first point medical attention.

Prostate Cancer Risks and How to Avoid Them

The incidences of prostate cancer risks have shown significant variation across the globe. Though the prevalence and characteristics of prostate cancer risks have been extensively studied in many countries, data regarding the actual incidence of prostate cancer in India is limited.

Prostate cancer is primarily a disease of the elderly with more than three-quarter of the cases occurring in men above 65 years of age. This disease has become a major health problem globally during the last few decades. Studies have shown that prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer in men worldwide and the fifth most common cancer overall. It is disheartening to note that approximately 4.04 million years of healthy life are lost globally due to prostate cancer alone. It is also the sixth leading cause of cancer deaths in men. Worldwide, prostate cancer is projected to have the most substantial proportionate increase in cancer cases in men by 2020.

A risk factor is anything that increases a person’s chance of developing cancer. Although risk factors often influence the chance to develop cancer, most do not directly or by themselves cause cancer. Some people with several known risk factors never develop cancer, while others with no known risk factors do. Knowing your risk factors and talking about them with your doctor may help you make more informed lifestyle and health care choices.

The following factors may raise prostate cancer risks:
● Age: The prostate cancer risks increase with age, especially after age 50. More than 80% of prostate cancers are diagnosed in men who are 65 or older. Older patients who are diagnosed with prostate cancer can face unique challenges, specifically concerning cancer treatment.
● Family History: Prostate cancer that runs in the family, called familial prostate cancer, occurs about 20% of the time. This type of prostate cancer develops because of a combination of shared genes and shared environmental or lifestyle factors. Hereditary prostate cancer, meaning the cancer is inherited from a relative, is rare and accounts for about 5% of all cases. Hereditary prostate cancer occurs when changes in genes, or mutations, are passed down within a family from 1 generation to the next.

Prostate Cancer risks may be suspected if a man’s family history includes any of the following characteristics:
● 3 or more first-degree relatives with prostate cancer
● Prostate cancer in 3 generations on the same side of the family
● 2 or more close relatives, such as a father, brother, son, grandfather, uncle, or nephew, on the same side of the family, diagnosed with prostate cancer before age 55.

If a man has a first-degree relative—meaning a father, brother, or son—with prostate cancer, his prostate cancer risks are 2 to 3 times higher than the average risk. The prostate cancer risks increase even further with the number of relatives diagnosed with prostate cancer.

● Other genetic changes: Other genes that may carry increased prostate cancer risks include HPC1, HPC2, HPCX, CAPB, ATM, and FANCA. However, none of them has been directly shown to cause prostate cancer or be specific to this disease. Research to identify genes associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer is ongoing, and researchers are continually learning more about how specific genetic changes can influence the development of prostate cancer. At present, there are no genetic tests available to determine a man’s chance of developing prostate cancer.
● Eating habits: No study has proven that diet and nutrition can directly cause or prevent the development of prostate cancer. However, many studies that look at links between certain eating behaviors and cancer suggest there may be a connection. For example, obesity is associated with many cancers, including prostate cancer, and a healthy diet to avoid weight gain is recommended.

Factors that can lead to avoidance of Prostate Cancer risks are –
● Regularly eating foods high in fat, especially animal fat, may increase prostate cancer risk. However, no prospective studies, meaning studies that look at men who follow either high-fat or low-fat diets and then measure the total number of men in each group diagnosed with prostate cancer, have yet shown that diets high in animal fat raise prostate cancer risks.
● A diet high in vegetables, fruits, and legumes, such as beans and peas, may decrease the risk of prostate cancer. It is unclear which nutrients are directly responsible. Although lycopene, the nutrient found in tomatoes and other vegetables, has been shown to be associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer, the data so far have not proven a relationship.
● Currently, no specific vitamins, minerals, or other supplements have been conclusively shown in clinical trials to prevent prostate cancer. Men should talk with their doctors before taking any supplements to avoid prostate cancer risks.
● Specific changes to eating behaviors may not stop or slow the development of prostate cancer. It is possible such changes would need to be made early in life to have an effect.

Medulance is a user-friendly way to request and track ambulances close to you. Medulance, India’s first, GPS based technology platform for fast and reliable first point medical attention.

Food Poisoning Symptoms and Causes

Foodborne illness, more commonly referred to as food poisoning, is the result of eating contaminated, spoiled, or toxic food. The most common symptoms of food poisoning include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you have food poisoning, chances are it won’t go undetected. Symptoms can vary depending on the source of the infection. The length of time it takes for symptoms to appear also depends on the source of the infection, but it can range from as little as 1 hour to as long as 28 days.

Common cases of food poisoning will typically include at least three of the following symptoms:
• Abdominal cramps
• Diarrhea
• Vomiting
• loss of appetite
• Mild fever
• Weakness
• Nausea
• Headaches

Most food poisoning can be traced to one of the following three major causes:
1. Bacteria that cause food poisoning Bacteria is by far the most prevalent cause of food poisoning. When thinking of dangerous bacteria, names like E. coli, Listeria, and Salmonella come to mind for a good reason.
Salmonella is by far the biggest culprit of severe food poisoning cases in the United States. According to the CDC, an estimated 1,000,000 cases of food poisoning, including nearly 20,000 hospitalizations, can be traced to almonella infection annually. Campylobacter and C. botulinum ( botulism) are two lesser-known and potentially lethal bacteria that can lurk in our food.

2. Parasites that cause food poisoning
Food poisoning caused by parasites is not as common as food poisoning caused by bacteria, but parasites spread through food are still very dangerous. Toxoplasma is the parasite seen most often in cases of food poisoning. It’s typically found in cat litter boxes. Parasites can live in your digestive tract undetected for years. However, people with weakened immune systems and
pregnant women risk serious side effects if parasites take up residence in their intestines.

3. Viruses that cause food poisoning
A virus can also cause food poisoning. The norovirus, also known as the Norwalk virus, causes over 19 million cases of food poisoning each year. In rare cases, it can be fatal. Sapovirus, rotavirus, and astrovirus bring on similar symptoms, but they’re less common. Hepatitis A virus is a serious condition that can be transmitted through food.

What’s good to eat when you have food poisoning?
It’s best to gradually hold off on solid foods until vomiting and diarrhea have passed and instead ease back to your regular diet by eating simple-to-digest foods that are bland and low in fat,
such as:
● Saltine crackers
● Gelatin
● Bananas
● Rice
● Oatmeal
● Chicken Broth
● Bland Potatoes
● Boiled Vegetables
● Toast
● Soda without caffeine (ginger ale, root beer)
● Diluted fruit juices
● Sport drinks

What’s bad to eat when you have food poisoning?
To prevent your stomach from getting more upset, try to avoid the following harder-to-digest foods, even if you think you feel better:
● Dairy products, especially milk and Cheese.
● Fatty foods
● Highly seasoned foods
● Food with high sugar content
● Spicy foods
● Fried foods

You should also avoid:
● Caffeine (soda, energy drinks, coffee)
● Alcohol
● Nicotine

Medulance is a user-friendly way to request and track ambulances close to you. Medulance, India’s first, GPS based technology platform for fast and reliable first point medical attention.

Animal Bites and Relevant First Aid for Them

Even seemingly minor animal bites can be dangerous. The threat of animal bites is posed not only by feral but also domesticated animals. It is imperative for everyone to have basic first aid knowledge in cases of animal bites. First Aid in the case of animal bites can prove to be imperative in preventing the situation from worsening.

All animals carry germs in their mouths, and these germs can enter your body through even the smallest bite mark. The risk of infection and disease is a top concern when dealing with an animal bite, and it is beneficial to learn as much as possible about the animal that bit you.
● If the animal is domestic, ask the owner if the pet is current with its vaccinations.
● If it is a wild animal, trapping the it may be beneficial so that it can be tested for rabies and other illnesses.

Clean the Injury .
Because bacteria can enter the body through even the smallest wound, cleaning the wound promptly is essential.
Cleansing the Affected Area Washing the area with soap and water is beneficial, but using an antibacterial cleaning agent may be better. Ideally, this should be done as soon as possible to minimize the risk of infection after being bitten.

Seek Medical Attention If Necessary Many animal bites are relatively minor and would not require medical attention. However, there are a few instances when medical attention is needed. In some cases, getting medical treatment quickly is highly beneficial.

For example:
● Deep wounds or wounds that will not stop bleeding after pressure is applied may require stitches or sutures.
● If the animal that bit you is wild and there is a concern about rabies, medical treatment is a wise idea.
● If the animal that bit you is potentially poisonous, such as with a snake, you may also need immediate medical attention.
● Other Things to Consider With an Animal Bite
With your visible inspection of the wound, you may be able to learn more about the wound.

Some animal bites, for example, may result in a broken animal tooth getting embedded in your skin, and this may need to be removed by a medical professional.
In addition to teeth, other foreign objects may also get embedded in the wound, and you can typically see or feel these with your inspection.
If the wound is deep, a medical professional may need to look for these.
With deeper wounds, there is also a potential for nerve damage or blood vessel damage.

It may not be possible for you to diagnose these so that any deep wound may dictate the need for medical treatment.
● Watch the Wound As It Heals.
● Whether you have a minor or deep wound, pay attention to the wound as it heals to identify signs of infection.
● Some of the common signs of infection are warm skin around the wound, redness or streaking around the wound, fever, swelling, pain, and pus. These are all signs that the wound is potentially infected.
● A doctor can diagnose an infection for you and may prescribe an antibiotic or another treatment option for you.

Whether an animal bite appears to be minor or severe, it is important to take proper steps to care for the wound. Because even a small bite that appears to be superficial can lead to a major infection, it is best to take such incidents seriously and treat all animal bites with care.

Medulance is a user-friendly way to request and track ambulances close to you. Medulance, India’s first, GPS based technology platform for fast and reliable first point medical attention.

Parasites: How to Tell if You Got Them and Get Rid of Them

Parasites are the cause of many morbidities and even mortalities in India. The scenario of food-borne parasites and related illnesses in India differs from the rest of the world due to varied food habits across the country. Other factors, however, such as unhygienic living conditions, lack of education, poor personal hygiene, poverty, and occupation, also contribute to the dissemination of infections by parasites. It is imperative for everyone to know how to look out for signs of being infected by parasites and how to cleanse one of the parasites.

How to Tell if You Have Parasites
● Lowered immune system and constant illness
● Rectal itching, especially at night
● More than one vaginal yeast infection
● Sores on the mouth or lips or white spots inside the mouth
● Toe fungus or athlete’s foot
● Rashes or itching around genitals in men or women
● Intestinal cramps
● Psoriasis or eczema
● Menstrual irregularities including irregular periods, heavy bleeding, cramps
● Constipation or diarrhea

Potential Damage that can be caused due to Parasites
● Infertility or permanent fertility damage
● Multiple Sclerosis
● Osteoporosis
● Malnutrition
● Vitamin Deficiencies
● Chronic Fatigue
● Kidney Stones
● Crohn’s Disease
● Skin conditions including eczema and psoriasis
● Insomnia and sleep disturbances
● Digestive problems of all kinds

How to Deal With Parasites?

Herbal Remedies
Herbal remedies are a great tool to start with right away. Cloves, wormwood, and black walnut are what you want to look for. Cloves work because they kill the eggs, not just the adults. Along with cloves, the herbs wormwood and black walnut husk are excellent as they kill the parasites in general.

Cleansing
Colon cleansing is how to start when doing a parasite cleanse because it’s buildup of plaque in the colon that the parasites feed on and one of the big reasons the parasites are there in the first place. Plaque can be the result of a bad diet or just a slow build up that’s formed over time and distance. Often plaque is also partly a physical manifestation of past experience or pattern
that we are holding onto. You may need to do some emotional or energetic work to help release that. After a colon cleanse commences, the juice fasting for 10-14 days. By this point, you should start to see the parasites being ejected out.

Hospitalization
In extreme cases, it is best to hospitalize the patient as fast as possible. Medulance is a user-friendly way to request and track ambulances close to you. Medulance, India’s first, GPS based technology platform for fast and reliable first point medical attention.

Cancer signs that can help in Early Detection

Cancer is one of the biggest causes of deaths in India. Early Detection can drastically reduce the mortality due to Cancer, which is particularly prevalent in India. Cancer cases, as well as mortality, are increasing rapidly among Indian women especially, with India now having the third highest number of cancer cases among women. Cancer in the lungs and the liver were the most common cases among men, while for women the most common type of cancer was breast and cervical cancer.

Number of cancer patients by region

Lung Cancer is prevalent in the male population of India, with an estimated 40 percent cases among men having been diagnosed with the lungs as the site. Excessive consumption of tobacco and excessive smoking can be blamed for this. Similarly Liver Cancer, to which 30 percent of deaths due to cancer were attributed, can be blamed on excessive alcohol consumption. In rural areas, consumption of hootch of suspect quality has resulted in a rise in the number of lung cancer fatalities. Breast Cancer accounts for 27 percent of all cancers in women in India, with incidents rising in early thirties and peaking at 50-64 ages. Cervical cancer accounts for nearly 20 percent of all cancer related deaths among women in India.

Early detection can drastically boost the odds of beating cancer. Self detection is possible if general public awareness about early signs and symptoms is increased. The following are some early signs of cancer types prevalent in india that you should be on the lookout for to enable early detection and subsequent treatment –

Lung Cancer :

  1. Continuous and painful bouts of cough (dry or mucus-producing)
  2. Chronic shortness of breath
  3. Sharp and constant chest pain, along with dull and intermittent pain in the shoulders and back
  4. A wheezing or whistling noise being produced during breathing
  5. Hoarsening of voice
  6. Inexplicable and drastic weight loss

Main types of lung cancer

Liver Cancer :

  1. Inexplicable and drastic weight loss
  2. Feeling very full after a small meal
  3. Nausea or vomiting
  4. An enlarged liver, felt as a mass under the ribs on the right side
  5. An enlarged spleen, felt as a mass under the ribs on the left side
  6. Pain in the abdomen or near the right shoulder blade
  7. Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

Cancer cells in Liver

Breast Cancer :

  1. Change in size or shape
  2. A lump or area that feels thicker than the rest of the breast
  3. A change in skin texture such as puckering or dimpling (like the skin of an orange)
  4. Redness or rash on the skin and/or around the nipple
  5. Liquid that comes from the nipple without squeezing
  6. Pain in your breast or your armpit that’s there all or almost all of the time
  7. A swelling in your armpit or around your collarbone

Breast Cancer

Cervical Cancer :

  1. Weight loss and fatigue
  2. Back pain, pain in the legs or swelling
  3. Leakage of urine or feces from the vagina
  4. Bone fractures
  5. Vaginal bleeding or unusual vaginal discharge
  6. Pelvic pain

Signs of Cervicl cancer

Being on the lookout for these signs is of vital importance. Treatment becomes more complicated as the stages advance. More than 90% of women diagnosed with breast cancer at the earliest stage survive their disease for at least 5 years compared to around 15% for women diagnosed with the most advanced stage of disease. More than 75% of women diagnosed with the earliest stage cervical cancer survive their disease for at least 5 years compared to around 5% for women diagnosed with the most advanced stage of disease.

Around 70% and 64% of lung and liver cancer patients respectively will survive for at least a year if diagnosed at the earliest stage compared to around 14% and 17% for people diagnosed with the most advanced stage of disease.

Home Healthcare services in India and the Problems before them

Home healthcare is a booming industry in India, but it is still in nascent stage. Having been a part of the unorganised sector until a few years ago, there is a lack of government norms and accreditation for the industry. Home healthcare services must also deal with patients and their family’s expectations.

Some challenges faced by home healthcare agencies and viable solutions for them are:-

Hiring  Professionals

Given the  ever-increase demand, home health care agencies will face the challenge of finding qualified staff. The personnel delivering home healthcare must be qualified in treatment procedures and also be professional in their approach. Patients can sometimes be difficult to handle or actively object to treatment procedures, which can create tension but the personnel and the patients. The staff must be well-adept at resolving such issues and building a rapport with the patients and their family members. Finding such qualified personnel is easier said than done.

Lack of Government Classification and Accreditation

While it is  comforting to think that many of the home health aides are certified nurses or nurse’s aides, the truth is they are often “regular” folks who have gone through a non-standardized training program created by the company that hired them. This leads to plenty of confusion regarding just what these individuals can and can’t do. Thus, there is a very immediate need for government regulation in the industry.

Utilizing Technology

Faster, less-intrusive and more powerful equipment replaced older, outdated systems. Technology is expanding at an ever-increasing pace, from home health monitoring systems that integrate with hospital networks to mobile pharmaceutical administrations units. But the home health care industry is struggling to keep up. Learning how to correctly and effectively use these new gadgets takes a considerable investment of time and effort, which is often not made in tier two and three cities.  

Medulance , in addition to Online Ambulance Booking service in Delhi-NCR area, also provides an ICU at Home Service. Medulance’s aim to assist lives has allowed us to provide high quality Intensive Care Unit at home. Finding an ICU at home can be very taxing, both emotionally and monetarily. Medulance bridges this gap by providing the most complete and sound supportive critical care in the comfort of your home

Applying Machine Learning reduces the challenges of Predicting Ambulance Services Demand

It is imperative for ambulance services to minimize response time to emergencies while managing operational costs. Application of machine learning can help ambulance services to optimise their operationality, but for this to be practical GPS based fleet tracking must be adopted en mass.

Demand predictions are crucial to operations decisions such as staff / fleet management, placement of base locations,and dynamic deployment. Predicting ambulance demand is critical for staff / fleet management and dynamic deployment. There are several challenges though.

Dataset for such calculations is large but demand for ambulances in the  locality at time of study might be low. The complicated geography of modern Indian cities – especially like Delhi and Hyderabad, that see large-scale unplanned development alongside pre-existing historical settlements – makes ambulance operation a very difficult task. An accurate study of ambulance demand and operation becomes more difficult in such situations.

 

How to avoid the risks of water-borne diseases in Delhi.

In addition to the rampant air pollution, Delhi also suffers a water contamination problem. The problem of availability of clean water has been a historical issue in Delhi. India loses 73 million working days due to water borne diseases, and the national capital follows this national trend.

Though unclean water is the source of several diseases, cholera and typhoid are the most common in India. The following are some common precautions to be taken to avoid getting sick due to water borne diseases in general :

• Do not eat from street food vendors or outside as much as possible

• Carry your own water in a bottle when stepping out of home

• Make sure to filter or boil and cool the water before drinking

• Do not eat food that has been kept in the open, especially cut fruits

• Do not eat stale food

Diseases to watch out for and how to avoid them

Cholera :

Cause:

Bacterium vibrio cholerae, commonly found in food or water contaminated with faeces or in an infected person.

Symptoms:

Acute diarrhoea and mild to severe dehydration.

Preventive measures:

1.  Drink clean water which is either boiled, has been chemically disinfected or is bottled.

2.  Avoid eating—from roadside vendors, unpeeled fruits and vegetables and unpasteurised milk

3. Oral rehydration solution, oral cholera vaccines

4. Safe sanitation

Typhoid


Cause:

Bacterium Salmonella Typhi, usually found in contaminated food or water.

Symptoms :

Prolonged fever, headache, nausea, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhoea.

Preventive measures:

1.  Use clean water for drinking and other domestic purposes such as cooking and washing.

2. Make sure you eat hot food that’s been hygienically made and appropriately processed.

3.  Wash hands with soap before preparing and eating food.

4.  Use clean and hygienic toilet facilities.

Medulance offers Online Ambulance Booking service in Delhi-NCR area, providing a user friendly way to request and track ambulances close to you. With an increasing emphasis on promoting independent living today, having access to the nearest ambulance to you can provide much needed peace of mind in a worst case scenario.